Building And Leading Teams

Without understanding, patience, and open communication, many teams will fail during this stage. Nearly everyone has played Two Truths and a Lie — it’s a bit stale at this point. To play, have new hires (or even the whole team!) write down two truths and a lie on separate slips of paper, and then place them in a hat. One at a time, participants take turns drawing a single statement, and then guess who the statement belongs to and whether or not it’s true. This is a simple way to spice up an old game, and shy employees will feel less under the spotlight when someone else is reading their story.

When the team members learn about each other’s opinions and start to disagree concerning the project and how things need to be done. This may arise because of the difference in personality, working styles, communication methods, organizational skills, and more. This happens because the team members are still trying to get to know each other. This is when the team leaders need to carefully handle the conflict and come up with a way to clarify misunderstandings. In recent days organizing primary care services for acute, chronic and preventive care is a major challenge. To handle such situations successful teams and team work always matters to accomplish the task with collaborative efforts.

stages of team building

If you’ve ever struggled to remember someone’s name, then you can empathize with new employees. They face an influx of new coworkers to remember, and some feel guilty or awkward if they can’t put a name to every face. This game is meant to acknowledge that difficulty and help new hires brush up on their new employees’ names in a stress-free environment. All you need to do is print out pictures of their team members’ faces and write each of their names on separate pieces of paper.

The pinnacle of team performance is the performing stage. This is where team members work collaboratively, care about each other, and are interdependent on one another. The team establishes a unique identity and accomplishments and satisfying results are the norm. Most managers take a more participative approach and team leadership is shared.

The norming stage of team development is like a months-old couple that accepts each other’s quirks and flaws. Team members adjust to teammate behaviors and devise strategies to overcome differences. Moving beyond initial hurdles, teammates acknowledge the common goal and focus on making significant progress. The five stages of team development are forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning. The team development process consists of five stages. Experts occasionally refer to the process as Tuckman’s stages of group development, the group development process, or the five stages of team building.


A group of people with a full set of complementary skills required to complete a task, job, or project. Many teams will continue to have bouts of “Storming” from time-to-time, for example, after an organisational change. Also, as team members leave and new team members join, the team might go back through the stages.

The norming phase occurs when the team members realize each other’s strengths and develop a much more relaxed approach to work together and make each different look best. They tend to become familiar, friendlier, and happier working around and with each other. The virtual slideshow helps the team reflect back on a recently completed milestone — it could be a particularly hectic shift, a difficult project, or a big event.

stages of team building

And additionally, offer support when others do so. When your team learns to work together effectively, their deliverables will be better quality and fast-paced. By reframing an issue together, team members learn how honest assessment and discussion can help them solve problems and find the silver lining to bad situations. The sense of vulnerability also inspires greater trust and should enable these teammates to communicate better in the future. New team members or groups may be nervous, unsure of how they’ll fit into the team, and overwhelmed with new information.

It’s a great way for people to get out of their comfort zone and spend time with teammates they may not know very well. They tend to move through a number of stages – forming, storming, norming, and performing – as group members establish roles, relationships and figure out how to work together. Whether you are leading your entire company or a smaller project group, you have a huge influence onteam developmentand performance. It’s almost like being Captain America to The Avengers or Steve Jobs to Apple.

Skills of team building are essential for every manager and leader. The teams are dynamic and are created for a purpose. Only a good team player can become a good team leader. It is important for the team leader to take them through team creation stages and move to productive stage. In the productive stage team members complement each other’s skills and efforts to achieve common goals. In the process they trust and respect each other’s opinion, even when the views differ.

Five Stages Of Team Development

The first stage of team development is forming, which is a lot like orientation day at college or a new job. You could even compare it to going out on a first date. The forming stage involves a period of orientation and getting acquainted. Uncertainty stages of team building is high during this stage, and people are looking for leadership and authority. A member who asserts authority or is knowledgeable may be looked to take control. Team members are asking such questions as “What does the team offer me?

The forming stage is all about getting to know one another, and this game accomplishes just that. Performing.The performing stage is where every manager wants their team to be. At this point, employees have repeatable processes to get work done and everyone is comfortable with their roles. Norming.In the third stage of team building, the group starts to hit their stride and establish the roles and processes that get them positive results. Managers can strengthen social connections here through games that provide entertainment and emphasize communication.

  • The initial feelings of excitement and the need to be polite have likely worn off.
  • Some team leaders try to get past it, and it does come to bite you back in the next stages.
  • Team building games don’t have to be boring or awkward.
  • Tuckman asserted that each of these phases was necessary in order for a team to learn, grow, and deliver results of the highest quality.

Norms are like rules but they are not written down. Instead, all the team members implicitly understand them. In this stage team members are clear about their roles, processes and team goals. Although some team members may have had to give up their ideas, in this stage everyone on the team agrees on a course of action. Decisions are made collectively and strong relationships begin to form.

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This is our guide to the 5 stages of team building. Business owners, managers, and entrepreneurs are often viewed as team leaders. In 1977, Tuckman added a fifth stage called adjourning. (Sadly, not a perfect rhyme.) Once a project ends, the team disbands.

stages of team building

Explain how team norms and cohesiveness affect performance. Teams need to better themselves by understanding the need to utilize their strengths and skills. To make the right business choices, the team members must rely entirely upon them. Leverage our software development expertise to build custom applications, modernize legacy systems, and build powerful API integrations. Feder JL. A health plan spurs transformation of primary care practices into better-paid medicalhomes.

Team Building Stages: 5 Steps

If our previous games were all about building up the team machine, these ones are about keeping it well-oiled. The performing stage is the perfect time to work on perfecting skills and increasing efficiency. Test how far your communication skills have come and how the group dynamic has solidified.

What do your wait staff, bartenders, hosts, and cooks all have in common? This game is great for large teams or businesses. Break employees into small groups and make sure each one has a mix of people from different parts of the company. Then, task them with finding ten things they all have in common. The goal is to create a stronger connection between team members who may not work together every day.Establishing common groundis a tried and true method of resolving conflicts. When employees know more about their co-workers, they’re more likely to give them the benefit of the doubt when something goes wrong, rather than immediately try to play the blame game.

stages of team building

Team members depend on one another to get things done. In this stage the group gets comfortable with each other. Team organization and bonding begins to take place and the group agrees on common goals and establishes base level expectations. Most team members want to make a good impression, so serious feelings or conflict is usually avoided.

However, in 1977, along with his student Mary Ann, they added another stage to this model. Popular by the name of “Tuckman’s Stages”, these are some steps every business must implement in their work strategies. Give employees a change of scenery and kick off a building contest in the break room.

Why Are The 5 Stages Of Group Development Important?

The “negative Nellie” you lie to about happy hour plans. Forming.This is when individuals first start working together. The best thing a manager can do at this point is to help everyone to get to know each other. Bjarne V. Conflict Resolution – Working with conflicts.

Leadership Vs Conflict Resolution

Well, now that you have worked hard enough to make a group of individuals work together and like it – here comes the result stage, the performing stage. This is when your team is comfortable and can work together powerfully. The work processes are much more streamlined, and everyone knows what they are doing, in almost complete agreement. The team becomes much more appreciative of each other and can seamlessly get to the end goal together. This phase is self-sufficient, provided you worked through the first three phases like a good team leader.

Teams with strong performance norms and high cohesiveness are high performing. In the performing stage, consensus and cooperation have been well-established and the team is mature, organized, and well-functioning. There is a clear and stable structure, and members are committed to the team’s mission. Problems and conflicts still emerge, but they are dealt with constructively. The team is focused on problem solving and meeting team goals.

Creating Stages

Team roles are established as well as ground rules for how the team operates (i.e. how things are done around here). The second stage, Storming, is characterised by competition and conflict. The first stage, Forming, is characterised by dependence. Team members are unfamiliar with the groups tasks and so they rely heavily on the group leader for guidance and direction. Even if your group has two or three leaders, you can’t alwaysmonitor your team.

The role of the leader is to ensure that these differences are dealt with in a healthy manner and do not lead to conflict. Conflicts are disagreements that lead to tension within, and between people. Often people are confused between conflict and disagreement.

Table 1 below summarizes the qualities and obstacles of effective team work. Understanding the team building stages helps a leader guide groups through the team development process. While all phases of team building are important, many leaders consider storming to be the most important stage of team development. During the storming stage, team members encounter initial obstacles and master conflict resolution. This is one of the most crucial points for building trust and forming resilient relationships. If teams get through the storming stage, conflict is resolved and some degree of unity emerges.